A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system. After the collapse of Mughal Empire, the system of jagirs was retained by Rajput and Sikh kingdoms, and later . The Mughals continued the Jagirdari system while making slight changes to the way they ruled. Under Mughals, the Jagirdars were allowed to collect taxes. Jāgīrdār system: Jagirdar system, a form of land tenancy developed in India during The early Mughal emperors (16th century) wished to abolish it, preferring to.
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Faujdar used to help the Jagirdas if they faced any difficulty in the collection of revenue.
jagirdar system | History & Facts |
Of these varieties, Tankha Jagirs were transferable for every three or four years. We also come across the term Zamindars besides Mansabdars and Jagirdars in the official Mughal records.
While inAkbar maintained 1, Mansabdars, by the end of the reign of Aurangzeb, their number rose to 14, An important feature of the jagirdari system was shifting of jagir-holders from one jagir to another for administrative reasons.
The Emperor could shift part or the entire Jagir from one part of the imperial territory to another at any time. Notify me of new comments via email.
Jagir – Wikipedia
Click here to sign up. The Jagirdars were allowed to collect only authorized revenue in accordance with the imperial regulations.
This system of transfers checked the jagirdars from developing local roots. Dam is a small copper coin. From the 20th year of Akbar, amin was posted in each province to see that the jagirdars were following Imperial regulations regarding collection of revenue.
Jagir could consist of single portion in a village, several village or entire parganas. The framework of the Mughal Jagirdari system began during the reign of Akbar and in course of time it underwent modifications.
Role of Mansabdari and Jagirdari System During Mughal Empire
The Mughal emperors also implemented this system and the areas assigned were called Jagirs and their holders, Jagirdars. Thus the Mansabdars, Jagirdars and Zamindars were a part of the Mughal nobility which acted as a prop of the Mughal administrative structure created by Akbar and nurtured by his successors.
Tankha Jagirs were transferable every three to four years. Islam in South Asia: Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. In the Delhi Sultanate period such assignments were called Iqtas and the holders Iqtadars. Jagir Hasil-a-kamil, where maximum land revenue was collected. For the film, see Jagir film. These jagirs were transferable every three or four years 2. It suited the Mughal Empire especially from 17th century onwards for the smooth functioning of the jagirdari system.
Second, he obtained from the nawab the practical exemption…. However, the basic framework was developed during Akbar’s reign.
He wanted to impose law and order in remote areas. Waltraud Ernst; Biswamoy Pati, eds.
There were various types of Jagirs. The Zamindars were the local elite or rural aristocracy who exercised authority in their areas. This kept the jagirdar in loss, if mguhals were in areas where Rabi cultivation was taking place as the prices were less than Kharif. Altamgha Jagirs were given to Muslim nobles in their family towns or place of birth. According to Irfan Habib, jagir was land revenue assignment in lieu of cash salaries according to the rank of jagirdar and his mansab.
It also helped in maintaining cohesion within the nobility. It also confirmed the hold of the crown over the rising ambitions of the nobility. The jagirdar was allowed to collect only authorised revenue mal wajib in accordance with the Systdm regulations. You are commenting using your WordPress. These positions, according to Shakti Kak, were called patwari jayirdari, tahsildaramilfotedarmunsifqanungochaudhridewan and others.
Mughal Jagirdari System
Being feudalistic in character, it tended to enfeeble the central government by setting up quasi-independent baronies. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The revenue of Khalisa territory was collected and deposited in the imperial treasury.
Therefore, the obligation on jagirdar was greater than his returns. Internet URLs are the best. The jagirdar did not act alone, but appointed administrative layers for revenue collection. We hereby appoint you systrm Mukhtiyar of all civil and administrative affairs throughout our country, as well as Prime MinisterCommander-In-Chief and General with Jagir emoluments amounting to Rs 12, The Mughal emperors, too, did the same.
The imperial office kept watch on the Jagirdars. Thank You for Your Contribution! The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Amin was posted in each suba to see that Jagirdars were following imperial regulations. The systen bureaucracy kept a vigilant watch over the Jagirdars. Remain in attendance during war and other occasions as commanded by us, be faithful to our salt and utilize the following lands and revenues as your Jagir mufhals due loyalty.
Skip to main content. Calcutta and Plassey significance in Indian history In India: They also maintained armed forces and forts depending on their status. There was no fixing of the number of Mansabdars.