cavalry he commanded. This system worked for some time and thereafter like most other systems, a crisis developed within itself. The Jagirdari System was. Under the Mughal system the mansabdars were either paid their salary in cash or granted jagirs in lieu of that. But the treasury being exhausted. The jagirdari crisis had both an administrative and a social basis. The success of the jagirdari system depended on the ability of jagirdar.

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Not sure about the answer? Islam in South Asia: Chandra believes that the jagirdari system could have worked, had the Mughals reconciled with the zamindars and come up with a settlement with Marathas. There is a view that this institution came to India with Jagiddari. This oppression was the driving force for peasant revolts.

Write short note on jagirdari crisis.

The Decline of Mughal Empire. The revenue of Khalisa territory was collected and deposited in the imperial treasury. There is a definite difference between these two terms of Mansabdari and Wajahdari system.

While inAkbar maintained 1, Mansabdars, by the end of the reign of Aurangzeb, their number rose to 14, But he brought the jagirdagi under tremendous pressure by his religious and political policies.

But by the time settlement was achieved, after Aurangzeb, Marathas had become powerful and the Mughal aristocracy had weakened7. Views Read Edit View history. For the film, see Jagir film.

Our main focus here is to present some of those theories. The working of the administrative system worsened the situation.

Short notes on the jagirdari crisis under the Mughal rule

In the Delhi Sultanate period such assignments were called Iqtas and the holders Iqtadars. Though in theory, the Mansabdari position was open to all, in practice, the Mughals gave importance to heredity factor and as such Khanzads or house-born and Zamindars were given preference along with Turanis, Iranis, Afghans, Rajputs and Marathas and the Deccanis by Aurangzeb in particular for military reasons.


Under the regime of Akbar, Mansabdari system became the basis of military and civil administration. In the Mughal Empire, the king, being the owner of the land, distributed rights to tax farmers to collect taxes over particular territories.

There were various types of Jagirs or revenue assignments. In the Mughal times, the jagirdar collected taxes which paid his salary and the rest to the Mughal treasury, while the administration and military authority was given to a separate Mughal appointee. Waltraud Ernst; Biswamoy Pati, eds. These tax farmers could exercise their right on an area for a temporary tenure after which they would be assigned a new area. Let us draw from the soil all the money we can, though the peasants should starve or abscond, and we should leave it a dreary wilderness when commanded to quit.

The wars with the Marathas not only increased the expenditure of the Mughal administration for holding on to the Deccan but also humiliated the Mughal military prowess.

Historiarum: Jagirdari Crisis

But the treasury being exhausted the cash payment of salary was out of question the grant of jagir was also becoming increasingly difficult. The Mughal emperors also implemented this system and the areas assigned were called Jagirs and their holders, Jagirdars. Thursday, December crksis, Jagirdari Crisis. These policies deepened the conflict. Also, he took no new initiatives to cope with the emerging administrative and military problems.

Government Civil Secretariat Press.

They also maintained armed forces and forts depending on their status. Later on grants made for religious and charitable purposes and even to non-Rajputs were called jagirs, and both in its popular sense and legislative practice, the word jagir came to be used as connoting all grants which conferred on the grantees rights in respect of land revenue, and that is the sense in which the word jagir should be construed in Article A. The question of frequent transfers among others abused in the working of the system.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Posted by Crippled Lucifer at 1: These revolts eventually led to the criais of the Mughal Empire especially the revolt of the Jats, Satnamis and the Marathas. Some Hindu jagirdars were converted into Muslim vassal states under Mughal imperial sway, such as the nawwabs of Kurnool.

Short notes on the jagirdari crisis under the Mughal rule

Thus the Mansabdars, Jagirdars and Zamindars were a part of the Mughal nobility which acted as a prop of the Mughal administrative structure created by Akbar and nurtured by his successors.

We may be deprived of it in a single moment, and our exertions would benefit neither ourselves, not our children. It is of great interest to note as observed by J. The maximum area of the territory was assigned to Mansabdars on the basis of their rank. Bayly- Taking a different stand, Bayly argues that after the death of Aurangzeb and the rise of local or small scale rulers in the subcontinent, a new form of class started to develop. It is to be remembered in this connection that it is not land that was assigned but the right to collect revenue or income from the piece of land.