Samuel P. Huntington, author of The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World El desafío hispano: en el siguiente texto, el académico Samuel P.. El autor comenta un ensayo del conocido sociólogo norteamericano Samuel P. En su ensayo «El desafío hispano» Samuel P. Huntington, el mundialmente. “Polémico libro del académico estadounidense Samuel Huntington. ” Huntington, el desafío hispano y el contexto político” (El Universal – John Bailey) (

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Feature The Hispanic Challenge The persistent inflow of Hispanic immigrants threatens to divide the United States into two peoples, two cultures, and two languages. The Hispanic that is, largely Mexican population of Southern California far exceeds in number but has yet to reach the proportions of the Hispanic population of Miami — though it is increasing rapidly.

Home Groups Talk Zeitgeist. In these programs, students are taught in both English and Spanish on an alternating basis with a view to making English-speakers fluent in Spanish and Spanish-speakers fluent in English, thus making Spanish the equal of English and transforming the United States into a two-language country.

Their flow fluctuated over time, with significant reductions occurring as a result of the Civil War, World War I, and the restrictive legislation of Bilingual education and the controversies it spawns would virtually disappear, as would controversies over welfare and other benefits for immigrants. First, have changes occurred over time in the acquisition of English and the retention of Spanish by second-generation Mexican immigrants? Innearly two thirds of Mexican immigrants lived in the West, and nearly half in California.

As a result, they have overlooked the unique characteristics and problems posed by contemporary Hispanic immigration. The persistence of Mexican immigration into the United States reduces the incentives for cultural assimilation.

A few stable, prosperous democracies ssamuel such as Canada and Belgium — fit this pattern.

The Hispanic Challenge – Foreign Policy

Census Bureau report, in about 95 percent of Mexican-born immigrants spoke Spanish at home; In contrast, the current wave shows no sign of ebbing and the conditions creating the large Mexican component of that wave are likely to endure, absent a major war or recession. His astute analysis has proven correct.


Mexican immigrants constituted They hkspano no historical claim to any U. The samule Cuban immigrants in South Florida were largely middle and upper class.

The Hispanic Challenge

Government documents and forms could routinely be published in both languages. Combine with… No authors suggested. They dispersed sajuel many enclaves in rural areas and major cities throughout the Northeast and Midwest.

Estimates of the total number of illegal immigrants in the United States rose from 4 million in to 6 million into hisoano million inand to between 8 and 10 million by The Immigration Reform and Control Act contained provisions to legalize the status of existing illegal immigrants and to reduce future illegal immigration through employer sanctions and other means.

On all these dimensions, Mexican immigration is fundamentally different. For almost a century after the adoption of the U. Scale The causes of Mexican, as well as other, immigration are found in the demographic, economic, and political dynamics of the sending country and the economic, political, and social attractions of the United Hispzno.

Nothing less than our national identity hintington at stake. The next largest contingents, Chinese and Filipinos, amounted to only 4. Congressional delegation and nearly one half of its state legislators, were of Cuban origin.

El desafío hispano: en el siguiente texto, el académico Samuel P.…

If that difference were cut in half, the economic incentives for migration might also drop substantially. Americans should ihspano let that change happen unless they are convinced that this new nation would be a better hispxno. Another major difference concerns the relations of Cubans and Mexicans with their countries of origin. English language use and fluency for first- and second-generation Mexicans thus seem to follow the pattern common to past immigrants.

Their values, institutions, and culture provided the foundation for and shaped the development of the United States in the following centuries. Byit is estimated that Hispanics sxmuel make up more than half of the Los Angeles population. The Hispanization of Miami is without precedent in the history of U. But Americans have tended to generalize about immigrants without distinguishing among them and have focused on the economic costs and benefits of immigration, ignoring its social and cultural consequences.


Infertility rates in the United States were estimated at 1. There is only the American dream created by an Anglo-Protestant society. September 11 brought a revival of American patriotism and a renewal of American identity. In the midth century, English speakers from the British Isles dominated immigration into the United States. They come across a 2,mile border historically marked simply by a line in the ground and a shallow river.

The biggest concentrations of Hjntington, however, are in the Southwest, particularly California. In64 percent of the Hispanics in Los Angeles were of Mexican origin, and If the second generation does not reject Spanish outright, the third generation is also likely to be bilingual, and fluency in both languages is likely to become institutionalized in the Mexican-American community.

Perhaps equally important, business groups seeking to corner the Hispanic market support bilingualism as well. Inillegal Mexicans in the United Hisoano were 25 times as numerous as the next largest contingent, from El Salvador.

Since the s, the numbers of foreign-born people in the United States have expanded immensely, with Asians and Latin Americans replacing Europeans and Canadians, and diversity of source dramatically giving way to the dominance of one source: Quebec is 3, miles from France, and each year several hundred thousand Frenchmen do not attempt to drsafio Quebec legally or illegally.

They call attention to and celebrate their Hispanic and Mexican past, as in the ceremonies and festivities in Madrid, New Mexico, attended by the vice president of Spain, honoring the establishment years earlier of the first European settlement in the Southwest, almost a decade before Jamestown. The Cubans did not, in the traditional pattern, create an enclave immigrant neighborhood.

Such a transformation would not only revolutionize the United States, but it would also have serious consequences for Hispanics, who will be in the United States but not of it.