Artículo Clínico. Alveolar distraction osteogenesis: an alternative in the reconstruction of atrophic alveolar ridges. Report of 10 cases. Distracción osteogénica. Distracción osteogénica mandibular en microrretrognatia severa del adulto. M. Castrillo Tambay1, I. Zubillaga Rodríguez2, G. Sánchez Aniceto2, R. Gutiérrez. Distracción osteogénica expositor y editor: Santos Busso, Alfonso N. Distracción osteogénica ¿Qué es? Distracción osteogénica Historia.

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The DO application has modified the treatment form of the osetogenica and acquired craniofacial defects. Alveolar ridge augmentation by distraction osteogenesis. Motives have to be evaluated, and certain cases have to be excluded such as those with morbid obesity, or those with severe associated pathologies, while low CPAP tolerance cases or those with a severe maxillofacial deformity that would clearly benefit from treatment entailing corrective surgery should be included.

However, the available information on this subject is still scarce. Mandibular alveolar ridge augmentation in the dog using distraction osteogenesis. In maxillary bones, the ossification is largely intramembranous, although foci of endochondral ossification have been reported by some authors. Management of severe mandibular retrognathia in the adult patient using distraction osteogenesis.

Other authors had followed this idea, but it was only in the decade of the 50’s that Ilizarov a, b promoted the extend bone by distraction osteogenesis having consistent and previsible results. This segmentary osteotomy was performed adjacent to the teeth that limited the bone defect, respecting the inferior alveolar duct pathway in the mandible.


Distracción Osteogénica en la Odontología

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; DO have been used successfully in distraccoon surgeries of increase bone rim with diverse purposes. J Oral Maxillofac Surg osteogenicq Following a soteogenica examination which included lateral and anteroposterior teleradiography of the skull as well as an orthopantomography and cephalometric analysis, opting for the following surgical procedure was decided upon: The patients subjected to surgical techniques require exhaustive control after the surgery by means of objective and detailed polysomnographic monitoring, and comparisons have to be made between the indexes before the surgery and the results afterward.

Latency phase is the period between performance of osteotomy and start of the traction, during which soft callus is formed. Some tissues besides bone have been observed to form under tension stress, including mucosa, skin, muscle, tendon, cartilage, blood vessels, and peripheral nerves Cohen et al.

The use indications have grown for the most diverse types of bones deformities.

Distraccion Osteogenica Mandibular Pdf Download

The effects of the distraction vector, the distrator stabilization and the distraction intensity and frequency of the bone corn are variable that ostegoenica been examined in some studies Kessler et al. The influence of stability of fixation and soft-tissue preservation.

Distraction osteogenesis distracciion a technique for induction of new bone formation between two segments of a bone that presents wide possibilities of use in Dentistry.

This technique was only spread out when Ilizarov presented his studies in a Symposium occurred in New York in the year of a, b. Plast Reconstr Surg ; Recently Ukan et al. These have been experimentally studied in bones of endochondral or intramembranous origin.

Distraction osteogenesis in correction of micrognathia accompaying obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. This adaption process of adjacent soft tissues provoked by tensions generated for the distraction forces is also known as distrxccion distraction.


After a latency period of three days, distraction was started at a rate of 0. St Louis, Mosby, b.

The sleep study prior to treatment resulted in the following: According to recent studies, reabsorption toothless alveolar rims or mandibular and maxilar atrophies caused by a syndrome can also be corrected successfully with this technique Jazrawi et al. Healing process after alveolar ridge distraction in sheep.

Distracción osteogénica alveolar

However, the DO osteogwnica has its inconveniences; the main one is based on the direction of the vector of distraction, a factor that increases osteoogenica two or more distractors are used simultaneously that require a parallelism to be maintained among them; 3 in the case of mandibular advancement, the tendency to develop open bite during the distraction is frequent.

In clinical alveolar distraction studies, some authors attempted to approach this frequency by applying more than 1 distraction procedure per day, distributing the daily amount of distraction between 2 sessions of 0.

This fact occurred due to the gradual bone callus extend respected the capacity of vessels that nourish the region repair. A third horizontal osteotomy was performed apical to the two horizontal cuts, obtaining the transport segment. Mechanical stimulation of osteoblasts in cell culture.