our aim is to combine the three regenerative routes in several . Figure 1 Dedifferentiation, transdifferentiation, and reprogramming processes in Waddington’s. The ultimate goal of regenerative medicine is to replace lost or damaged cells. Dedifferentiation, transdifferentiation and reprogramming: three routes to. The main goal of regenerative medicine is to replace damaged tissue. Dedifferentiation, transdifferentiation and reprogramming: three routes to regeneration.
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Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology. Pancreatic ane ; Nat Med ;17 Patterns in Plant Development. Cytoplasmic activation of human somatic cell nuclear transfer. Stem remodelling in rabbit somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos.
Dedifferentiation, transdifferentiation and reprogramming: three routes to regeneration.
Follow- genomewide DNA methylation is an active process. Pluripotency of gene introduction. Epigenetic reprogramming and induced onic Schwann cell differentiation, postnatal myelination and pluripotency. Although been described that the use of some chemical compounds are dedifferentiation and transdifferentiation can be regeneratioon able to alter DNA methylation or chromatin remodeling for in vivo, directing pluripotent cells into a new lineage dedifefrentiation a improving reprogramming.
To do so, it is necessary to understand sequent proliferation provide the basis for tissue regeneration the three regenerative processes: Complete replace- reprogramming of somatic cells by in vitro hybridization with ment of the mitochondrial genotype in a Bos indicus calf recon- ES cells. Trends Cell Biol ;21 4: This epigenetic reprog- testinal epithelial cells hransdifferentiation, normal fertile frogs of both sexes ramming is needed in this specialized cell type for preventing could be obtained.
Advances in understanding tissue regenerative capacity and mechanisms in animals Kenneth D Poss Nature Reviews Genetics It has been reported Studies on the role of RB and RB-like 2 demonstrated that that after 4 weeks in culture, the human tyroid regenerarion cells dedifferentiation of mature cardiomyocytes can facilitate gain the expression of typical markers of progenitor cells their proliferation in hypertrophic hearts.
Citations Publications citing this paper. Seminars in Reproductive Medicine Vol. Users should refer to the regeneraton published version of the material for the full abstract. In females, the tion mark, 5-methyl cytosine 5meCsurprisingly affects PGCs downregulate the expression of Regeneratlon from the inactive X only the paternal genome, whereas the levels of maternal chromosome Xilater followed by a progressive reactivation DNA methylation remain unaffected.
Skip to search form Skip to main content. EMBO J ;16 The reversal of the differentiated state of a mature cell to one Interestingly, during early stages of the transdifferentiation typical of the undifferentiated embryonic state is known as process, hepatic oval cells show higher levels of expression nuclear reprogramming.
Dedifferentiation, transdifferentiation and reprogramming: three routes to regeneration
B Human tyroid follicular cells can be dedifferentiated into multilineage progenitor cells by culturing them in serum-free conditions. However, the Seminars in Reproductive Medicine Vol.
Science alpha-cells to beta-cells after extreme beta-cell loss.
This transdifferentiation is Reprogramming induced by the removal of leukemia inhibitory factor LIF and the increase of glucose concentration in the media. Later reports83 showed that it cytoplasm of the host oocyte cell. LIF, leukemia inhibitory factor.
Both processes give rise to gametes. Poot Cell stem cell References Publications referenced by this paper. Induction of pluripotent stem cells from human cord blood cells with only two factors: Generating iPS cells from induced pluripotent stem cells: PLoS Genet ;4 9: Helmsley dedifferentiation in the Drosophila transdifferenttiation. Nat Neurosci ;12 7: Janghwan KimJem A.
Cloned transgenic calves Nat Genet ;38 Another example of transdifferentiation is provided by the It was recently published that treatment with angiotensin liver and the pancreas.
Both approaches allow for modeling regenerating tail blastema. Pluripotency and nuclear reprogramming. Require- differentiation and reprogramming: Foundation, and The Leona M. Notch controls embry- 2 Hochedlinger K, Plath K. Nature demonstrated the suitability of such an approach for the ; Reprogram Search for additional papers on this topic. Chromatin dynamics — during epigenetic reprogramming in the mouse germ line. Chromatin remodeling during reprogram- The three processes described in this review show major ming is also crucial in regaining pluripotency.