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He inflicted heavy damage on the forts and town.
This name uses Spanish naming customs: One early victory involved the capture of Portobelo Panamathe dismantling of its fortifications and the withdrawal of British forces having left the place meviohombre. Although it has been claimed that he took many prizes during this period, documentary evidence indicates that in fact he took only two French frigates and not in the Pacific but in the Atlantic.
War of the Austrian Succession. The defences of Cartagena de Indias comprised between 3, and 6, combatants, including regular troops, militia, Indian archers and the crews of six Spanish warships. Imprenta de la viuda de Calero. There were 10, soldiers, 12, sailors, 1, Jamaican slaves and recruits from Virginia.
Both Vernon and Edward Trelawny, British governor of Jamaica, considered the Spanish gold shipping port to be a prime objective. Lezo’s actions at Cartagena de Indias consolidated his legacy as one of the most heroic figures in the history of Spain and he has thus been promoted as one of the best strategists in naval history.
Thus, by age 25 or 27, depending on the sources, de Lezo had lost his left eye, his left leg below the knee, and the use of his right arm. In May, Vernon returned to Cartagena de Indias in charge of 13 warships, with the intention of probing the city’s defences. A modern statue stands in front of the Castillo San Felipe de Barajas. Deeming the honour of the Spanish flag to be at stake, Blas de Lezo threatened the city with bombardment.
Portrait of Lezo, Museo Naval de Madrid. Three columns of grenadiers supported by Jamaicans and several British companies moved under cover of darkness, with the aid of an intense naval bombardment. Later in this campaign, his ship captured the Stanhope commanded by John Combes, sometimes claimed to be a gun but actually just a gun merchantman.
Lezo died four months after the siege was raised and a contemporary source indicates that the cause of death was epidemic typhus: In he returned to Spain and was promoted to chief of the Mediterranean Fleet; with this force he went to the Republic of Genoa to enforce the payment of two million pesos owed to Spain that had been retained in the Bank of San Jorge.
The prizes attributed to Lezo were taken by Martinet, who reached Callao in June and left the Pacific in before Lezo’s arrival.
Vernon’s intention was to gather information on topography and troop strength and to provoke a response that might give him a better idea of the defensive capabilities of the Spanish. Participating in the defence of the French naval base of Toulon cost him his left eye. Blas de Lezo’s advantages consisted of a formidable primary fortress and mediouombre secondary fortifications.
Author: Alber Vazquez
In he was promoted to captain. In the early stages of the conflict, the British Admiral Edward Vernon undertook attacks on various Spanish outposts in America. He took up his new post just prior to the conflict between Great Britain and Spain that would become known as the War of Jenkins’ Ear and that would later be subsumed into the War of Austrian Succession.
He was separated from the expedition while attempting to sail past Cape Horn. The British fought their way to the base of the fort’s ramparts but were unable to overcome the defence and withdrew. Library resources about Blas de Lezo. Dissatisfied with this he took his gun flagship into the corsair’s refuge of Mostaganem Baya bastion defended by two forts and 4, Moors.
Blas de Lezo – Wikipedia
In the king promoted him to Lieutenant General of the Navy. Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries. There was a spate of novels following the publication by the Colombian historian Pablo Victoria of his fictional biography of Lezo:. Lezo returned to its aid with six ships and 5, men and managed to drive off the Algerian pirate after a hard fight. There is no contemporary proof that these or others were actually used during Lezo’s lifetime.
Throughout his naval career, Lezo sustained many severe wounds; he lost his left eye, left hand, complete mobility of the right arm, caught Typhoid fever and had his left leg amputated in situ after being hit by the projectile of a cannon. In the following months he established a naval blockade, preventing the Algerians from receiving reinforcements from Istanbulthereby gaining valuable time for the securing of Oran’s defense, until an epidemic forced him to return to Cadiz.