“La acidez y el encalado de los suelos”. Revista Ciencia y Técnica en la Agricultura Cañera (La Habana, Cuba) N° 2. Act p: Principales fuentes de acidez • La Acidez en suelos viene de H + y de los iones de Al 3+ en la solución del suelo y adsorbido a la superficie de las partículas de . Acidez y encalado de los suelos. Instituto de la Potasa y el Fósforo, Quito, Ecuador. 42pp. INPOFOS. Manual Internacional de Fertilidad de Suelos.

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Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 5 2 We do not think that this is linked to the fact that only at Lonquimai alfalfa was cultivated. At Lonquimay, the pH was stable over the whole period, and slightly higher than the control value four years after the programm was applied. En el diccionario castellano encalado significa encaladura.

Exchangeable Al content measured in different localities of the precordillera and the cordillera, Araucania Region south of Chile. The program consisted of i liming, ii correction of the P status, and iii sowing forage plants. The cm layer encalxdo sampled.

Acidez y encalado de suelos enla region de Los Lagos – Google Books

At Lonquimay, P-Olsen initially significantly increased, showing a positive short-term effect of the program. For the analysis of exchangeable aluminium, 10 g of dry soil were added ce a solution of KCl 1M, then shaken for 30 minutes at room temperature. Load a random word. That flora consisted mainly of grasses Agrostis capillaris, Holcus lanatus and some naturalized legumes plants e. Instead, at Lonquimay exchangeable aluminum axidez significantly, and pH remained slightly higher than the control values through the first four years.

No fertilization was applied afterwards, whatever the delay between the program application and our survey in and To determine the P content, encxlado chose the Olsen method. The solution was shaked for 30 minutes and filtered. Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Santiago, Chile, pp.


Meaning of “encalado” in the Spanish dictionary

However, P-Olsen gradually decreased after the first year, until it returned to its initial level. Those fluctuations in Alex values could be linked to the fluctuations in pH observed at Cunco. In order to answer these questions, we selec ted a series of fields that participated in the program in four municipalities of the Precordillera and in one municipality of the Andes Cordillera.

In this location, the decrease of P-Olsen probably results from phosphorus consumption by alfalfa Nichols et al. This outcome is consistent with a number of studies on liming in Southern Chile. Educalingo cookies are used to personalize ads and get web traffic statistics.

In the Southern temperate part of Chile, andisols are the dominant soil type. This plant also produces more biomass, thus increasing the exportation compared to native pastures. We also share information about the use of the site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners.

Red de Pastizales Andinos. World reference base for soil resources In those locations, phosphorus uptake by grasses was hampered by the presence of free aluminium.

Acidez de los suelos y efectos del encalado

Application of the program had different effects on the pH of the soil in the different locations studied Table 3. Conocidos estos datos pueden adoptarse las siguientes directrices: Discover all that is hidden in the words on. Average Soil Organic Carbon content was pos kg Spanish words that begin with en.

In each area, we selected fields that had not been subjected to the program these old permanent grasslands were considered to represent the soils in their natural, poor fertility status, and therefore these soils were used to estimate the baseline or “initial” soil test values for the properties considered in this study.

The definition of limed in the dictionary is white. Since they have been used for agriculture, these soils hardly received a low amount of mineral fertilizers, calcium and organic amendments. Urea acidifies soils and can cause an increase in the amount of exchangeable aluminium Zejiang et al. At Cunco, exchangeable aluminum was not affected, while pH increased initially but decreased to its initial value within four seulos.


We acudez soil characteristics and grassland productivity, but in this paper, only the soil data are presented. Finally, afalfa was only harvested as hay, without any endalado of P to the soil, which probably impeded the P balance sheet.

ENCALADO – Definition and synonyms of encalado in the Spanish dictionary

Estudios de la Zona No Saturada del Suelo 7. P-Olsen measured in different localities of the precordillera and the cordillera, Araucania Region south of Chile. Subdivision of the 32 fields sampled in each municipality, with reference to the application of the program at the time of measurement. Alex values were not significantly different between the first and the fourth year, but exhibiting a slight decrease during the period at Cunco.

They could be explained by the above-mentioned changes in the pH. These characteristics strongly impede soil productivity, especially in the pastures, which are vital for small cattle breeders. Academic Press, Australia, pp. Moreover, grasslands in those municipalities are grazed, as opposed to Lonquimay, where only hay is harvested.

These conditions are very hard on the Mapuches farmers of this area, whose main activity is cattle breeding ovine and bovine and whose farms are very small. During the first year of alfalfa cropping, a second fertilization was performed kg ha -1 of P 2 O 5.

Andisols, phosphorus, aluminium toxicity, soil acidity. The fields received calcium emcalado and superphosphate the year before the grasslands were established and during the year following this establishement.

Cultivation practices in the five localities studied. We mixed the soil of eight sub-samples in each field.