: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: Abuta grandifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on internet. Accessed: Angiosperms · Menispermaceae · Abuta. Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Abuta (family. Abuta grandifolia is a species of plants with 1 observation.

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You just have to cook the useful parts of the plant and take a drink of it. Menispermaceae grandufolia Neotropic ecozone flora Menispermaceae. It should be mentioned that Abuta grandifolia belongs to the same family as Chondrodendron tormentosum and Curares toxifera, which are the main components o the poison curare.

It consists in dioecious climbers or rarely erect trees or shrubs Abuta concolor with simple leaves. For other uses, see Abuta disambiguation.

But today this substance is produce artificially.

This vine whose range includes the Amazon Basin was originally collected in Shushufindi Vickers and Plowman, Palmatine has a strong antipyretic action as well as a depressant effect on the blood pressure and the central nervous system Grenand et al.

The genera Anelasma Miers and Batschia Thunb.

Saponins and alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia [2012]

Each tribe in the Amazon Region knows and uses this plant against several troubles such as headaches, stomachache, toothache, colds, sore throat, colic and tuberculosis.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Roots of Abuta rufescens are used as medicinal in diseases of the urogenital tractbut it is dangerous.


The Quichua make a compress of the leaf decoction and use it to treat grandifoliw. Abuta is a genus in the flowering plant family Menispermaceaeof about 32 species, native to tropical Central and South America.

The poison curare abutx is made of a mixture of several plants, the combination depends on the tribe and the shaman, but it contains always one of the species mentioned above. Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits. Views Read Edit View history.

Abuta grandifolia – Useful Tropical Plants

Much more important than the fruits is the medicinal usage of the leaves, the bark and the roots. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich Retrieved from ” https: A decoction of the leaves mixed with the bark of “piton” is drunk by women before giving birth to speed the recovery of their their strength Lescure et al. It has been chemically studied and shown to contain the alkaloids palmatine and derivatives of berberine.

Abuta is usually classified in the tribe Anomospermeae Miers, together with Anomospermum Miers. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith, – Overview

But both species are found more frequently further in jungle than at the foot of the Andes. Illustrations A-F from A. This page was last edited on 16 Februaryat The dichloromethane extracts of Abuta grandifolia and Minthostachys setosa Labiatae demonstrated high larvicidal activity against Aedes aegyptithe most abutaa being the dichloromethane extract of A. The animals hunted with blowpipes and poisoned arrows or even humans die of the breakdown of the respiratory and heart muscles.


Sometimes they add Abuta grandifolia to the mixture but it is not one of the main components.

See List of Abuta species. Curare is a poison, which paralyses the muscles when it gets into the blood circuit.

Abuta grandifolia

Flowers in composed panicles. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Among the Siona, a leaf infusion is used as a febrifuge, and also as an ingredient of curare Schultes and Raffauff, Hrandifolia Ecuador it is used in labor for hemorrhage and pain, and has been employed to treat colic in nervous children; according to Schultes, one treatment lasts for one year Schultes and Raffauff, This effect utilises even our modern medicine injecting an extract of Chondrodendron tormentosum to relax the muscles of the patients during surgery.

The family of Menispemaceae is rich abtua alkaloid, which explains the usefulness of this group of plants. Bark used as Peruvian ayahuasca ingredient, dart poison and headache remedy Qbuta is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits.

The Plant-Book 2nd ed.